During any weather emergency, keep a radio on for information, updates and travel advisories.
Storm, Tornado, Hurricane
♦ If outdoors, stop all activities and seek shelter. If possible, avoid assembling or seeking shelter in gymnasiums, auditoriums or other structures with large, open roof spans.
♦ Assemble in windowless rooms or hallways located in the center of the building and on the ground floor.
♦ Close doors, windows and blinds.
♦ If weather becomes severe enough, crawl under a sturdy table or desk and close eyes, clasp hands behind neck, and cover ears and head with forearms.
♦ Report wet or broken electrical lines, or broken gas lines.
♦ Be aware of hazardous debris and contaminated food and water.
♦ Watch for or call for assistance.
♦ Dress in several layers of warm, loose-fitting clothing. Remove extra layers when you feel too warm.
♦ Stay indoors and stay dry. Conserve heat.
♦ Close off unneeded rooms; cover windows with blankets; stuff rags or towels in cracks under doors.
♦ Stay awake, but avoid exertion; and as you sit, keep moving your arms and legs to improve circulation.
♦ Eat well balanced meals. Drink warm, sweet beverages to maintain body temperature. Do not drink alcoholic beverages, which will cause your body to lose heat more rapidly.
♦ Be careful of the potential hazards of space heaters, fireplaces and candles. Never use a charcoal grill indoors. Ensure adequate ventilation if using a propane gas camp stove or heater indoors.
♦ Recognize the symptoms of hypothermia: shivering/exhaustion, confusion, fumbling hands, memory loss or slurred speech, drowsiness, bright red/cold skin, loss of consciousness. If any symptoms are present, take the person’s temperature and begin warming the person: offer warm beverages; remove any wet clothing; warm the center of the body first; use skin-to-skin contact; wrap the entire body in blankets, including head and neck. Also administer CPR if the person is not breathing, even if there is no pulse. A TEMPERATURE OF 95 DEGREES OR LOWER IS A LIFE THREATENING EMERGENCY – DIAL 911.
♦ Wear light-colored clothing and take advantage of shade and air conditioning whenever possible.
♦ Limit outdoor activities and drink lots of water or other non-alcoholic and caffeine-free beverages.
♦ DO NOT leave people or pets in vehicles with windows closed or only partially open.
♦ Since hot weather increases fire hazard, be careful with possible sources of ignition.
♦ Be aware of the symptoms of heat emergencies:
♦ Heat cramps: Muscle cramps.
Get the person to a comfortable position in a cooler place. Lightly stretch the affected muscle. Give half glass of non-alcoholic, caffeine-free liquid every 15 minutes – drink slowly.
♦ Heat exhaustion: Cool, moist, pale or flushed skin; heavy sweating; headache; nausea or vomiting; dizziness or exhaustion. Body temperature will be near normal.
Get the person to a comfortable position in a cooler place. Remove or loosen clothing and apply cool, wet cloths (towels or sheets) to the entire body. If the person is conscious, give half glass of non-alcoholic, caffeine-free liquid every 15 minutes - drink slowly. Watch carefully for changes in condition.
♦ Heat stroke: Hot, red skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse; and rapid, shallow breathing. Body temperature can be very high. Skin may be wet or dry.
HEAT STROKE IS A LIFE THREATENING EMERGENCY – DIAL 911.
Poor Air Quality or Smog
♣ Limit or cancel outdoor activities.